where does dandruff comes from – Causes and treatments ?


Dandruff is a condition of the scalp that causes white flakes to appear on the skin. It is often accompanied by itching. Read on to find out the answer to the questions: where does dandruff comes from ? How do I stop dandruff? does dandruff cause hair loss .

Where does dandruff come from? : causes :

1. Dry scalp :

This problem occurs frequently in the winter. When the scalp is exposed to cold distractions outside and then exposed to warm air at home, it quickly dehydrates.

2. Random hair combing:

Not combing the hair regularly causes dandruff because it does not allow the natural shedding process of the skin.

3.Having a yeast allergy:

If you are one of the people who are allergic to yeast, so you are at risk of developing dandruff. Because yeast plays a key role in this, and dandruff increases in the winter seasons and decreases when the weather is warmer.  This may be because ultraviolet rays combat yeast allergy.

4. Shampoo and cosmetics:

Poor choice of cosmetics may cause dandruff and scalp irritation. On the other hand, we find that washing hair excessively with shampoo is a sure cause for the appearance of dandruff.

5. Vitamin-free diet:

Eating meals that are not rich in zinc, and vitamins that the body needs, may cause the appearance of dandruff.

6. Having some diseases:

Hair experts have stated that people with certain mental illnesses are more prone to dandruff. Also, patients who are recovering from heart attacks or even strokes may have many problems with their hair, including dandruff.

how to get rid of dandruff :

1. Choosing an anti-dandruff shampoo:

You should choose a shampoo that contains: ketoconazole, selenium sulfide, salicylic acid, sulfur, salicylic acid, zinc.

Also, try different types of anti-dandruff shampoos to get an effective result. Read on to learn about the best types of shampoos in the global market.

2 . Do a massage with the right shampoo:

Rub the hair with the appropriate shampoo when washing it, and leave it on the hair for 5 minutes or according to the recorded instructions before washing it.

3. Sun exposure:

Try to expose your hair to the sun as much as possible, preferably daily. But be careful, you must put sunscreen on the body to avoid the harmful rays of the sun.

4 . Washing hair regularly:

Try to wash your hair regularly, that is, if it is dry, you should wash it from once to twice a week. If it is greasy, it is better to wash it three to four times, depending on your hair. Finally, if it is normal, the correct number of hair washings per week is from two to three.

5. Diet rich in vitamins:

Try to make a diet rich in the vitamins your body needs, especially vitamin D and zinc .

6. Comb hair with the right way:

You must know the correct way to comb the hair, which is to: start from the bottom, i.e. the ends of the hair all the way to the top.

Types of medicines found in anti-dandruff shampoos :

1. Tar:

Tar is a by-product of the coal manufacturing process. Coal tar helps treat dandruff, dermatitis, and psoriasis. It slows down the process of scalp skin cell death and flaking.

2. . Zinc pyrithione:

This substance is anti-bacterial and anti-fungal. Thus, it can reduce the fungi that infect the scalp that can cause dandruff and dermatitis.

3 . tea tree oil:

This oil is extracted from the tea tree found in Australia. Many people have long used it as an antifungal, antibiotic, and antiseptic.

4. Selenium sulfide:

This substance slows down the death of skin cells and can also reduce skin inflammation.

But it has some aspects that we can consider not good, it can change the color of blonde, gray, or dyed hair, so it must be used according to the instructions, and the hair must be rinsed well after washing with shampoo that contains selenium.

5.Salicylic acid:

This type helps to remove dandruff, but it has a downside as it can cause you to dry the scalp. It is best to use a high-moisturizing conditioner after using a shampoo containing salicylic acid.

6.ketoconazole :

Ketoconazole is an antifungal agent that helps get rid of the fungi that cause dandruff. It is used in cases of thick crust. In other words, doctors resort to prescribing it to patients if all other types did not give a result.

Shampoos containing this active ingredient can be used at any age.

Types of anti-dandruff shampoos:

1. Head & Shoulders Shampoo:

This type of shampoo protects the hair from dandruff and adds good moisture to the hair with frequent use.

Head & Shoulders shampoo contains zinc, which is one of the best ingredients that help eliminate dandruff. In addition to other ingredients, which are: Sodium Lauryl Sulfate, Sodium Laureth Sulfate, Sodium Chloride, Sodium Sulfate, Sodium Benzoate.

2 . Vichy Dercos Dandruff Shampoo:

This type of shampoo is one of the best types of dandruff removal. Where it has many other benefits is to help regulate the process of regeneration of scalp skin cells. On the other hand, it is a good product for moisturizing the scalp, softening the hair, and calming the irritation of the sensitive scalp skin.

Vichy Dercos shampoo consists of chamomile extract, salicylic acid, and proton olamine.

3 . Neutrogena T/Gel Shampoo:

This shampoo contains two components that recent studies have found to be an important factor in eliminating dandruff, as the two components are: amber and charcoal.

Regardless of its great benefit in eliminating dandruff, it has other benefits, as it helps treat scalp infections and psoriasis.

4 . Seleno Care Shampoo:

The component of this shampoo is Selenium, the anti-fungal substance that causes dandruff, and it is a good product to eliminate dandruff.

Seleno Care Shampoo contains a strong conditioner that does not cause you to dry out and reduces inflammation and itching of the scalp while giving softness and a beautiful scent to the hair.

5. Nizapix Ketoconazole Dandruff Shampoo:

It contains a very effective ingredient to eliminate dandruff and fight fungi. So it is ketoconazole .

How to use this shampoo:

Wash the affected area of the scalp with shampoo, leave it for three to five minutes, then rinse well. Use this product twice a week for two to four weeks to treat skin infections and tinea. You should ask your doctor before using it.

6 . Dandel shampoo:

this shampoo is considered somewhat natural because it contains a mixture of oils, which are: argan oil, olive oil, and tea tree oil, in addition to other ingredients, selenium sulfide, and zinc pyrithione.

Dandel shampoo helps to smooth hair and give it luster and freshness, in addition to being a good product to eliminate many hair problems, the most important of which is dandruff.

7 . Garnier anti-dandruff shampoo:

Garnier  Signature Shampoo with hair-strengthening ingredients and an effective dandruff-fighting fruit concentrate.

This shampoo contains many ingredients that hair experts have said are the best in eliminating hair problems and treating the scalp .

8 . Selsun Blue Shampoo:

It contains selenium sulfide, which is a very effective substance in getting rid of dandruff and fighting fungi that infect the scalp.

Doctors recommend it in cases of many dandruff that are difficult to fight with any other product.

After mentioning the best and most famous shampoos that you can use to eliminate dandruff. We advise you, before taking any step, that it is best to see a doctor or someone with experience in pharmaceutical treatments to ensure what you will put in your hair and to be at peace of mind.

 Can a child get dandruff? :

The answer to this question is yes. Dandruff appears in children, but this problem is largely absent.

Read on to learn about the types of dandruff in children, their causes and how to treat them.

Types of dandruff in children:

– Light dandruff: This problem is considered very simple. Its treatment is the use of a shampoo that limits scalp oils and cleanses the hair of dead skin cells.

– Medium dandruff: It is one of the types of dandruff that you often find in children. Its treatment is simple, using anti-dandruff shampoo for a significant period of one to 6 months.

– Chronic dandruff: This type is the most dangerous, as it is considered untreated, but you can reconcile with it and keep it under control.

Causes of the appearance of dandruff in children:

1. Excessive use of hair:

If something goes too far, it will give you a bad result. Hair should not be washed many times with shampoo because it damages the natural oils on the scalp, which makes the skin dry, which causes dandruff. Sometimes it causes more serious problems.

2. Sun exposure:

Sunlight is one of the most important causes, as children’s scalps are very sensitive, and when exposed to sunlight, it will cause many problems, including dandruff. For this, it is recommended to put a hat on the head of children.

3.Oily scalp:

The surface of the head produces oil to stay hydrated and healthy. However, excessive oil can cause dandruff. For this, it is recommended to wash the hair two to three times a week. The number of times the hair is washed varies according to the type of hair.


Lice are one of the reasons for the appearance of dandruff, and this happens when the child scratches the scalp hard.

The best types of champions against veneer for children :

1. JOHNSON’S, Kids Ultra Moisturizing Hypoallergenic Shampoo:

This shampoo is considered the best seller on the largest site, Amazon, with very high ratings, and its effectiveness is very large. In addition, it is free of toxins and is very suitable for children, as it does not contain ingredients that cause tears for them.

2. Sulfur 8 Kids Anti-Dandruff Shampoo:

This type of shampoo is among the best anti-dandruff shampoos, as it is designed for children from 2 to 12 years old.

Sulfur 8 shampoo is used to get rid of scales and itching while cleaning the scalp and helps condition and moisturize it.

3. Happy Cappy Medicated Shampoo from Dr. Eddie :

This shampoo was invented by pediatricians and presented to dermatologists. Choose its ingredients to be gentle on the scalp of children.

This shampoo consists of an ingredient that doctors and specialists agreed on as one of the best solutions to eliminate dandruff, and it is zinc pyrithione. In addition to the presence of licorice root extract to help soothe the scalp and eliminate redness.

4. Happy Cappy Medicated Shampoo from Dr. Eddie :

This shampoo was invented by pediatricians and presented to dermatologists. Choose its ingredients to be gentle on the scalp of children.

This shampoo consists of an ingredient that doctors and specialists agreed on as one of the best solutions to eliminate dandruff, and it is zinc pyrithione. In addition to the presence of licorice root extract to help soothe the scalp and eliminate redness.

5. Neutrogena T / Gel Therapy Shampoo:

The Neutrogena brand is one of the best brands that your hair needs. We often find that most people are unaware that this brand has products for children.

This shampoo is very effective to eliminate dandruff, the shampoo contains coal tar extract, which starts its effect from the first use and continues for a long time after the shampoo is rinsed.

6.Maple Holistic Degreasing Shampoo:

Your child with dandruff needs this shampoo, as it is made with an anti-bacterial formula to re-balance moisture without over-drying the scalp.

The ingredients of Maple Holistic Natural Grease Removal Shampoo are very effective for eliminating hair problems, the most important of which is the problem of dandruff. It consists of lemon, rosemary, peach kernel, and jojoba oils.

Natural remedies to eliminate dandruff in children:

1.Mineral oils:

Dry scalp is one of the most important causes of dandruff. This is why it is best to use mineral oils to moisturize the scalp.

How to use :

– Take a few drops of mineral oil or baby oil.

– Scrub your child’s scalp well, then leave it for a few minutes, and finally, wash the child’s hair with shampoo.

2. baking soda :

It is considered one of the best products that help eliminate dandruff, for this you can replace your regular shampoo with baking soda.

How to use :

– Mix a small handful of baking soda with enough water to make a soft paste.

– Massage the scalp with this paste, and wash it with water just before you finish showering.

3. tea tree oil:

This oil is an effective product in eliminating dandruff, as studies have confirmed that the best anti-dandruff shampoos contain a significant amount ranging from 5% to 30% of tea tree oil.

Experts confirmed that these oils may be heavy on the scalp of children because studies have been conducted on children over the age of fourteen years. And from it, if your child is under the mentioned age, you must get the original oil and dilute it and then use it in a good way and with the help of a licensed and qualified person.

Top 2 natural mixtures that help treat dandruff:

1.Rosemary and thyme mixture:

Rosemary has many benefits for hair, the most important of which is antibacterial and scalp fungi responsible for dandruff. On the other hand, it enhances blood circulation in the scalp and improves the respiration of hair follicles.

As for thyme, it contains flavonoids, vitamin C, and luteolin that help eliminate the fungi that infect the scalp.

How to prepare the rosemary and thyme mixture:

– Take two cups of water and boil them. Then add one tablespoon of rosemary and let it boil for 3 to 5 minutes.

– After turning off the heat, add a tablespoon of thyme.

– Filter the mixture and leave it for 10 minutes.

– Apply the mixture to your hair and leave it for a whole day, rubbing the scalp for two minutes.

2. Olive oil and honey mixture:

this oil is one of the most important antibacterial oils, which provides protection for the hair and scalp and makes it clean and free of infection, and is also useful in removing itching from the scalp. Olive oil also has anti-fungal properties, which makes it able to treat dandruff in the hair and prevent it from regenerating again.

How to prepare a mixture of olive oil and honey:

– Heat three tablespoons of olive oil for 10 seconds at most.

 – Add a spoonful of honey.

– Start by massaging your scalp gently with this mixture and then leave it for 10 minutes.

After washing your hair, wrap your hair in a hot towel.

Last modified: October 27, 2021

3 Replies to “where does dandruff comes from – Causes and treatments ?”

  1. gralion torile says:

    Great article and right to the point. I am not sure if this is truly the best place to ask but do you folks have any ideea where to get some professional writers? Thanks 🙂

    1. admin says:

      thanks a lot .
      to answer your questions contact us on : https://tourhair.com/contact-us/

  2. Della says:

    Very energetic blog, I loved that a lot. Will there be a part 2?|

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