Do you feel your scalp is full of dandruff? Is dandruff on your shoulders ruining your life? Although this thing is very annoying, this dandruff is not a malicious thing. But nevertheless, it happens that it is already a disease and requires appropriate treatment. So what causes dandruff?
How does dandruff form?
The skin of the scalp consists of two layers: the dermis and the epidermis, which are renewed approximately every 28 days .
where Dandruff occurs when a fungus called Malassezia (not contagious) multiplies and causes disrupted cell regeneration.
The dead cells no longer have time to gradually separate from themselves, they cling to each other and concentrate in the form of scales (thin strips of skin that come from the outer layer of the epidermis on the surface of the skin of the scalp), then it becomes what is called dandruff.
what causes dandruff in your hair :
1- Seborrheic dermatitis :
It is a disease that affects the hair, as it leads to skin irritation and increases the likelihood of dandruff .
and this inflammation results from fungi that live in the scalp and get their food from the oils that are secreted from the hair follicles.
2- Infection with skin diseases :
Dandruff may appear due to some skin diseases such as eczema, psoriasis, etc. as these are fungal diseases that affect the scalp, which results in dandruff.
3- Lack of some nutrients in the body :
The nutrients that you eat play a big role in maintaining the health of the scalp. such as vitamin B, and omega-3, and thus their deficiency will lead to the appearance of dandruff.
There are some other causes that are common in winter, so it is best to avoid them:
Lack of bathing:
Usually people do not bathe daily in the winter or the number of times they showers decreases due to the cold .
but this leads to the accumulation of dead skin cells and fat, which is one of the causes of dandruff.
Wearing head coverings:
Many people resort to wearing head coverings in the winter season in order to help in feeling warm and also to prevent rain, and these covers contribute to aggravating dandruff.
Treatments to fight what causes dandruff in your hair :
Treatment # 1: if we reduce the number of shampoos?
In fact, it is not necessary to wash your hair every day because the frequent use of shampoo constitutes a form of aggression for the scalp.
because the sebaceous glands are constantly stimulated and defend themselves .
they will produce more sebum which will then facilitate the development of dandruff.
Therefore, it is best to avoid daily washing as much as possible and limit yourself to 3 shampoos per week.
Treatment # 2: “classic” treatments for dandruff :
Many methods have been clearly devised for scalp problems.
also, laboratories now offer products that are more pleasant to use thanks to the galenic compounds similar to traditional shampoo, while the products were once highly medicinal. These are real hair beauty treatments, especially since scalp problems are often associated with tired hair that lacks color.
To get rid of dandruff, shampoos are available in drugstores for both mild and moderate dandruff. They are mostly zinc or ichthyol and target dry and oily dandruff. They also have an anti-recurrence procedure most of the time.